Monday, November 10, 2014

What are the roles of autoclave in medical laboratories?

The medical laboratories are a boon to the humankind. The kind of research we are able to do in a laboratory is a great help and we are able to make our lives easier.

The medical laboratories have evolved in a big way. There is availability of number of tools, which help in smooth functioning of a laboratory. Without specific tools, it is difficult to think that processes can start initially. The laboratory attendants have specific components in a specific amount; it is because of the reason, they always maintain a backup.

It helps in two ways- firstly; the components used in the process are kept for the sterilization for a specific period, so that the remaining ones can be used. Secondly, the laboratories tools, which are not able to serve accordingly due to wear and tear, there is always an option available and the remaining tools can be used and the process of research does not stop over here.

Taking the example of a specific type of a laboratory tool, ‘autoclaves’ proves to be a boon. The basic function of autoclaves is to sterilize laboratory components.

The temperature for sterilization in autoclaves can go up to 121 degrees Celsius. It is a self-locking device in which laboratory tools are kept and sterilization takes place with the help of steam. The availability of several types of autoclaves is an advantage; each type performs differently in a laboratory.

The process of sterilization is used in many processes on its own, but in a laboratory, it has its own benefits, advantage of Autoclave Sterilizer is listed below-

Steaming- There are components in a laboratory, in which air fills and it becomes a difficult task to get rid of them. The steaming is the only option, which can help in making the tools, better again.

Steam Pulsing-
A series of steam pulses is developed in which some kind of pressure is built in a chamber of autoclave. Then, de-pressurization is also done and this is an ongoing process. The pressurization and de-pressurization is done to a point of atmospheric pressure
Vacuum pumps-
There are tools in which air is used, the autoclaves help in pumping air or mixing the steam.

Other types of autoclave are used in the chemical industry to cure coatings, vulcanize rubber and for hydrothermal synthesis, growing crystals under high temperatures and pressures. Synthetic quartz crystals used in the electronic industry are grown in autoclaves.

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